Falkland Islands
The Falkland Islands are located in the South Atlantic approximately 300 miles East of the South American coast.

The majority of the 2,379 people that live in the Falkland Islands (excluding an estimated 112 residents temporarily absent and 534 civilians based at Mount Pleasant Military Base) are of British descent: 1,989 live in Stanley the capital and the remainder live in settlements or on family farms around the islands. English is spoken on the Falkland Islands.

The economy of the Falkland Islands was traditionally based on revenue from sheep ranching. However, with the creation of a conservation and management zone around the islands in 1986, income from a major offshore fishery has become the driver of economic growth. The Islands are now economically self-sufficient and investment in new facilities and services has brought about major improvements in the standard of living.

Falkland Islanders are predominantly of British descent. Family names such as Felton, Biggs and Watson originate from settlers who arrived in Stanley in the 1840 s. However, the telephone book lists names such as Hansen, Anderson and Berntsen - relatives of Scandinavian settlers brought to the South Atlantic in whaling fleets.

Stanley, built on a sheltered north facing harbour, has the air of a Scottish coastal town but has expanded rapidly in recent years as new houses and roads have been constructed to accommodate the drift of Islanders from the farms to the town.

Everywhere outside Stanley is known as "the Camp" from the Spanish word for countryside "el campo". Camp life retains many of the cattle rearing traditions from South American gauchos who worked vast tracks of land in the 1850 s.

Place names such as Tranquilidad, Laguna Isla and Dos Lomas abound and horse terms still include bags and suitcases (halters and saddle bags).